Bárdarbunga the giant Icelandic stratovolcano may be about to awaken according to Icelandic scientists. Bárdarbunga lies beneath the NW part of the Vatnajökull icecap, and contains a subglacial 700-m-deep caldera. It rises to 2,009 m (6,591 feet) above sea level, making it the second highest mountain in Iceland. Bárdarbunga last had a major eruption in 1477 when it produced a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit. Bárdarbunga also produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth.
Iceland is a geological point of view very young island, which has created about 20 million years before the series of volcanic eruptions on středoatlantickém break. The oldest samples of rocks found in Iceland dates to 16 million years.
Iceland is located in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and Greenland, just below the northern ring to atlantic fault, where the Earth's tectonic plates come together that are from each other delays averaged about 1 cm per year. Along táhnoucího break from the north-east of the South phenomena are frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. This continental break is slighter in Thingvellir National Park which has created significant rock terrace that extends the length of several kilometers.
Iceland people settle as one of the last countries in Europe at the time of reconnaissance and sea crossings Viking sea. Up to the mid-twentieth century was Iceland for the other peoples of Europe almost unknown country and its history is in many ways still unknown and secrets. This has recently back countries of Europe today reached development and is ranked among countries with the highest living standards in the world. This prosperity is due to the surrounding ocean rich in fish and nearly natural resources on land with active volcanic activities and postvulcanic. Geothermal energy in Reykjavik and pavements.
Iceland which has an area of 103000 square km (which is about half of Great Britain) and the population is just over 300 thousand. About fifty percent of the area pokrývjí Volcanic island of wilderness as a result of recent volcanic activity. Eleven percent of Iceland covered glaciers from which the largest is Vatnajökull (8,300 kilometers), which is also the largest glacier in Europe. Twenty percent of the island is areas such as pastures, and only one per cent of the area is suitable for cultivation. Field is located just off the coast, especially in the south-western part of the island, while the central part of Iceland is virtually. The capital of Iceland is Reykjavik (smoking bay), which is located in the southwest and live in a population of about one third of the island.
The climate in Iceland is the ocean, slightly cold, but with regard to the location of the island just below the northern polárním ring much warmer than expected. This is due to the fact that there encounter polar and tropical winds, and two different sea currents, the northern branch Golfského currents and cold stream of eastern Iceland. In July, when the nejtepleji the average maximum temperature around 15 degrees Celsius and the minimum 9 degrees. In January, which is the coldest average temperature is a degree of max.2 min. minus 2 degrees. Summer is in Iceland and significantly colder than in Central Europe and vice versa milder winters and windier. The weather is extremely variable. During several of the rain, the sun shine, be calm, or vát violent winds. Unusual is also snow in any time of the year. For the nice weather, as we do not perceive Icelanders verbal expression but also for snow or rain are at least ten terms. Iceland weather certainly has its charm, but it is necessary to learn to live with him.Current weather in Iceland and the forecast for the next days can be found at:
Area Iceland: 103000 Km²
Capital Reykjavik: 1000 Km²
Farmland area: 23800 Km²
Lakes, dams: 2757 Km²
The total area of glaciers: 11922 Km²
Waste land areas, desert: 64538 Km²
The length of the coast of Iceland: 4970 Km
The highest mountains of Iceland:
Hvannadalshnjúkur: 2119 m n.m.
Hvannadalshnjúkur or Hvannadalshnúkur is located on the northwest edge of the hill Örafajökull in Skaftafell National Park.
Bárðarbunga: 2000 m n.m.
Active volcano Bárðarbunga is the second largest mountain Iceland, situated in the Glacier Vatnajökull Kverkfjöll: 1920 m n.m.
Mountain glaciers on the northern outskirts of Vatnajökull
Snæfell: 1833 m n.m.
Hofsjökull: 1765 m n.m.
Herðubreið: 1682 m n.m.
Eiríksjökull: 1675 m n.m.
Eyjafjallajökull: 1666 m n.m.
Tungnafellsjökull: 1540 m n.m.
Kerling: 1538 m n.m.
Þorvaldsfell in Askja: 1510 m n.m.
Hekla: 11491 m n.m.
The biggest glaciers in Iceland:
Vatnajökull: 8.300 Km²
Vatnajökull is the largest glacier Iceland, situated in the southeastern part of the island and takes up more than 8% of the area. It is also the largest glacier in Europe.
Langjökull: 953 Km²
Hofsjökull: 925 Km²
Mýrdalsjökull: 596 Km²
Drangajökull: 160 Km²
Eyjafjallajökull: 78 Km²
Tungnafellsjökull: 48 Km²
Þórisjökull: 32 Km²
Eiríksjökull: 22 Km²
Þrándarjökull: 22 Km²
Tindafjallajökull: 19 Km²
Torfajökull: 15 Km²
Snæfellsjökull: 11 Km²
The largest lakes of Iceland:
Þórisvatn: 83-88 Km²
Þórisvatn is the largest lake in Iceland, on the river Þjórsá.
Þingvallavatn: 82 Km2
Þingvallavatn: 82 Km²
Lögurinn: 53 Km²
Mývatn: 37 Km² (mosquito Lake)
Hvítárvatn: 30 Km²
Hóp: 30 Km²
Langisjór: 26 Km²
The longest and largest rivers of Iceland:
Þjórsá: 230 Km, the average flow rate is 390 m³ / s
Þjórsá River is the largest and longest river Iceland. Sources of the river to plateau in cental part of the island. The flow creates numerous waterfalls. On the inflow Fossá is waterfall Háifoss high 122 m, which is the second highest on the island. Þjórsá River estuary into the Atlantic Ocean. The flow is built medium-sized hydro Búrfellsvirkjun.
Jökulsá/Fjöllum: 206 Km
Ölfusá/Hvítá: 185 Km
Skjálfandafljót: 178 Km
Jökulsá/Dal: 150 Km
Lagarfljót: 140 Km
Héraðsvötn: 130 Km
Blanda: 125 Km
Fnjóská: 117 Km
Hvítá in Borgarfjörður: 117 Km
Kúðafljót: 115 Km
Markarfljót: 100 Km
The highest waterfalls Iceland:
Glymur - on the river Botnsá, height of 190 m
Háifoss - on the river Fossá, height of 122 m
Hengifoss - on the river Hengifossá, height of 110 m
Seljalandsfoss - on the river Seljalandsá, height of 65 m
Skógafoss - on the river Skógá, height of 62 m
Dettifoss - on the river Jökulsá á Fjöllum, height of 44 m
Gullfoss - on the river Hvítá, height of 32 m
Hrauneyjafoss - on the river Tungnaá, height of 29 m
Hjálparfoss - on the river Fossá, height of 13 m
Reykjafoss - on the river Svartá in Skagafjör?ur, height of 13 m
Goðafoss - on the river Skjálfandafljót, height of 12 m
In Iceland there are no rail or highway. The only main road (from veké part of the vyasfaltovanou) is a circular road Ringroad, which objídí the whole island and was completed only several years ago after many attempts to bridge the sharp glacier river on the south coast of Iceland. Iceland is a tight and very sophisticated network of bus lines private companies, which allows tourists to choose the route with a different starting point of the target. Outside ausobusových Communications offers its services to many tourist agencies, representing an opportunity to get into certain areas without the use of their own or rent off-road vehicles. In Iceland, it is also possible to bring their own vehicle but it is time-consuming and ferry journey will take the whole week and navic to pay tax for the operation of cars on the island. Another option is to rent a car directly in Iceland, and travel to the interior of the rent should be adjusted off-road vehicle All-wheel-drive, which is necessary to arrange the insurance. However, rental prices are incredibly high, the consumption of up to 30 liters for 100 kilometers and the price of gasoline or diesel equivalent of about CZK 45 is nutnu this transport Iceland after careful consideration.
If you decide to holidays in Iceland with the problems that do not belong among the cheapest destinations, on the contrary. Although in recent years significantly decreased rate of the Icelandic kroner to the euro prices of some services and food you get literally at the knee. About alcohol, you can only seem to have a beer in cans can buy a drink but it is not so much.
Recreational and mainly cognitive zajedy to Iceland with us ensures several travel agencies which is travel agency aimed at the Scandinavian countries with a tradition almost CK PERISCOPE. Other travel offering vacation in Iceland are CK POZNÁNÍ - Pardubická travel agency with branches in Prague and Brno, CK ADVENTURA which offers tours in addition to the classic expedition into the interior "DAKAR" tatra, CK FIROTOUR offers sight-seeing "tour Grand Iceland with John Burianem" and "the best corners of Iceland with John Burian."
Iceland is available to tourists more than 100 camps and camp ground various categories. Iceland can also camping in the wild but due to nature protection is not very desirable. On the national parks and tents are not allowed on private land, it is appropriate to request the consent of the owner. Iceland is also a lot of hostels, private accommodation facilities and shelter huts managed Iceland tourist associations and organisations. Information on accommodation, brochures and maps can be found in a tourist information office in the center of Reykjavik, and tourist agencies throughout the country.adresy:www.hostel.is, www.hoteledda.is, www.fosshotel.is, www.icehotels.is, www.farmholidays.is, www.keahotels.is
Iceland is one of the countries with the highest number of Internet users because of the population. Most accommodation facilities is connected to the Internet and access to the network is usually free of charge. In Reyklaviku several internet cafes and computer connected to the Internet can also be found in a tourist information office in the city centre.
Specific features of Iceland alphabet and their entry into the keyboard and HTML:
Icelandic is, despite some changes in pronunciation almost identical to the language, spoke first inhabitants of the island - the Vikings before 1300 years ago. It's a very difficult special archaic language. Icelandic is also one of the cleanest linguistically languages in Europe and in terms of foreign words is trying to replace icelandic expressions, for example, the term for hitchhike is "farra plated puttanu" literally travel thumb.